Census Sunday – The Rabe Family in 1910

The amazing thing about genealogy is that sometimes a record that seems so minor to your larger family history can lead to connections across multiple families and fill so many blanks. Such is the case of the Rabe family of Topeka, Kansas.

Late in the night, when I tend to lose focus on my research, I bounce from ancestor to ancestor, adding records to my family tree as I stumble upon them. One record collection I was aware of but hadn’t searched in sometime was the “United States, Obituaries, American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1899-2012″ collection on Familysearch.org. As my Porubsky and Schulmeister ancestors are Volga Germans, I did a simple surname search for Porubsky. In the process, I located the obituary of Catherine Porubsky (Reeb).

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In reading the names in this record, I instantly recognized Porubsky and Schwerdt. Reeb sounded familar, but my Topeka relatives were Rabes, not Reebs. Catherine Rabe was in my family tree, married to Matthew Porubsky, but she lacked parents in my database. In fact, I had three Rabes in my tree and they all lacked parents.

  • Catherine E. Rabe was married to Matthew G. Porubsky
  • Elizabeth B. Rabe was married to Joseph A. Schulmeister
  • Joseph Rabe was married to Caroline Schulmeister

The three Rabes lived in Topeka and were born within 15 years of each other. The original obituary named a sister Pauline, but no other siblings. Could they be related? I set to find out! I knew she was born in 1901 to John and Catherine, who were born in Russia. From other record sources, I also knew that Elizabeth was born in 1889 and Joseph in 1887. I located a Rabe family in the 1910 United States Census. The details I previously had confirmed from later census and marriage records fit well with this 1910 record.

The three Rabes in my family tree were siblings, and each had married into the family of my ancestors, making them my 3rd great aunts and uncles.

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State: Kansas
County: Kearny
Township: Lakin
Name of Incorporated Place:
Ward of the City:
Enumerated by me on the 2nd of May
Henry H. Cochran, Enumerator

Supervisor’s District: 7
Enumeration District: 83
Sheet No. 9A

Dwelling No. 199
Family No. 200

Address: Unknown (not listed)

Rabe, John, head, male, white, 45 years old, 1st marriage, married 25 years. Born in Russ German. Father born in Russ German. Mother born in Russ German. Immigrated in 1900. Has applied for citizenship and has his first papers (Pa.). Speaks German. Works as a tenant farmer working on his own account (meaning, not an employee or employer). Is not out of work; out of work 0 weeks in prior year. Can read: No. Can write: No. Rents the farm, which is found on Agriculture Schedule 81.1

” Katie, wife, female, white, 45 years old, 1st marriage, married 25 years. 12 children born, 9 still living. Born in Russ German. Father born in Russ German. Mother born in Russ German. Immigrated in 1900. Speaks German. Not employed. Can read: No. Can write: No.

” Joe, son, male, white, 22 years old, single. Born in Russ German. Father born in Russ German. Mother born in Russ German. Immigrated in 1900. Speaks German. Employed as a laborer in the beet fields. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes.

” Anna, daughter, female, white, 17 years old, single. Born in Russ German. Father born in Russ German. Mother born in Russ German. Immigrated in 1900. Speaks German. Employed as a laborer in the beet fields. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes. Attended school anytime since September 1, 1909: Yes.

” Frank, son, male, white, 11 years old, single. Born in Russ German. Father born in Russ German. Mother born in Russ German. Immigrated in 1900. Speaks German. Employed as a laborer in the beet fields. Can read: No. Can write: No. Attended school anytime since September 1, 1909: Yes.

” Elizabeth, daughter, female, white, 10 years old, single. Born in Russ German. Father born in Russ German. Mother born in Russ German. Immigrated in 1900. Speaks German. Employed as a laborer in the beet fields. Can read: No. Can write: No. Attended school anytime since September 1, 1909: Yes.

” Katie, daughter, female, white, 8 years old, single. Born in Kansas. Father born in Russ German. Mother born in Russ German. Not employed. Attended school anytime since September 1, 1909: Yes.

” Jacob, son, male, white, 6 years old, single. Born in Colorado. Father born in Russ German. Mother born in Russ German. Not employed. Attended school anytime since September 1, 1909: No.

” Mary, daughter, female, white, 4 years old, single. Born in Colorado. Father born in Russ German. Mother born in Russ German. Not employed.

” Pauline, daughter, female, white, 2 years old, single. Born in Kansas. Father born in Russ German. Mother born in Russ German. Not employed.

Source:
1. “Catherine Porubsky,” The Topeka Capital Journal, 22 Sep 1992, pg 3D; “United States, Obituaries, American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1899-2012,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-42560-12683-35?cc=2367299 : 14 August 2015), 100415107 > image 7336 of 8998; American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln.

2. 1910 U.S. Federal Census, Kearny County, Lakin, population schedule, enumeration district (ED) 83, sheet 9A, dwelling 199, family 200, household of John Rabe; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 15 August 2016), FHL microfilm 1374454, citing NARA publication  T624_441.

Dead or Alive? It Depends!

CensusInfo_1930_Mar30_GoogleNews

This notice from the Youngstown Vindicator was probably not too reassuring for anyone who may have circling the drain on April 1, 1930. While your vital signs indicated you were dead, the Federal government was willing to give you a few extra days.

As the Vindicator reported on 30 March 1930, anyone who died between April 1 and the time the census taker (more properly, the “enumerator”) arrived at the home was counted as being alive. Likewise, anyone who was born after April 1 but before the enumerator came to the home, often weeks later, was not counted. The enumerator’s instructions would have read, “Enter the name of every person whose usual place of abode on April 1, 1930, was with the family or in the dwelling place for which the enumeration is being made.” By counting everyone who was living on April 1, the Census would more accurately reflect a single day in time.

Sources:
“Census Will Count You As Alive If You Die April 1”, Youngstown [OH] Vindicator, 30 Mar 1930, page A2, col 4; digital image, (http://news.google.com : accessed 17 May 2016), Google News Archive.

Steven Ruggles, Katie Genadek, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 6.0 [Machine-readable database], “1930 Census: Enumerator’s Instructions,” Minneapolis : University of Minnesota, 2015.

Census Sunday – The 1910 Census of Martin and Elizabeth Witt

You would be hard pressed to find 337 Rebecca Street in Pittsburgh today. It simply doesn’t exist, but it did exist in 1910 and that is where my 3rd great grandparents Martin and Elizabeth Witt made their home. Rebecca Street in the North Shore neighborhood is today known as Reedsdale Street, but now it is just a series of short segments cut by Highway Route 65 and Heinz Field, home of the Pittsburgh Steelers.

79-year-old Martin, born in Germany, was a grocer while 70-year-old Elizabeth kept the house. She was born in Pennsylvania to German parents. Martin and Elizabeth celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary the year prior, as the census sheet indicates they had been married for 51 years. Elizabeth gave birth to 13 children, 8 of whom were still alive in 1910.

State: Pennsylvania
County: Allegheny
Township:
Name of Incorporated Place: Pittsburgh
Ward of the City: North Precinct
Enumerated by me on the 21st of April
Joseph H. Borton, Enumerator

Supervisor’s District: 23
Enumeration District: 398
Sheet No. 10

Dwelling No. 337
House No. 156

Family No. 166

Address: 337 N Rebecca Street (map)

Witt, Martin, head, male, white, 79 years old, 1st marriage, married 51 years. Born in Germany. Father born in Germany. Mother born in Germany. Immigrated in 1831. Naturalized citizen. Speaks English. Employed as a clerk in a grocery. Is not out of work; out of work 10 weeks in prior year. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes.

” Elizabeth, wife, female, white, 70 years old, 1st marriage, married 51 years. 13 children born, 8 still living. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Germany. Mother born in Germany. Not employed. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes.

Source:
1910 U.S. Federal Census, Allegheny County, Pittsburgh, population schedule, Enumeration District 398, Sheet 10, Dwelling 337,. Martin Witt; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 7 Jun 2015): FHL microfilm: 1375315. National Archives microfilm publication Roll T624_1302.

Census Sunday – 1910 U.S. Census for Mathias Porubsky and Family

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The 1910 Federal Census was the first for Mathias Porubsky and his family. Though they had been in the United States for 10 years, they missed the 1900 Census by just a few months, having arrived in Baltimore in June. Census enumerations are typically conducted in April. Reading the information below, there is so much interesting information to be gleaned. First of all, after just 9 years in the United States, the family owned a home free of a mortgage. Of course, many people in the household were working to support the family and probably help pay for that house. Mathias and sons Johannes and Joseph worked in the railroad shops, most likely for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad. Even daughter Elizabeth, age 16, works as a laborer in a box factory. 
The Porubsky household was home to three generations. Their daughter Ann lived in the home with her husband Andrew Wasinger and their son Karl. Two boarders also lived there, who no doubt served as a source of additional income to the family. Interestingly, members of the Kaberline family lived on either side of the Porubsky’s. Mathias grandson Charles (late the owner of Porubsky’s Deli) would marry Lydia Kaberline in the 1940s. 

State: Kansas
County: Shawnee
Name of Incorporated Place: Topeka City
Ward of the City: 1
Enumerated by me on the 21th day of April
*blank*, Enumerator

Supervisor’s District: 7
Enumeration District: 142
Sheet No. 3B

Dwelling No. 64
Family No. 68
Address: 600 N Quincy Street

Porubsky, Mathias, head, male, white, 53 years old, married 27 years. Born in Austria-Hungry/Slov***. Father born in Austria-Hungry/Slov***. Mother born in Austria-Hungry/Slov***. Immigrated in 1901. *unsure if he’s listed as naturalized or alien – illegible*. Speaks German. Employed as a machinist in the R.R. shops. Is not out of work. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes. Attended school in the last year: no. Owned a house free of a mortgage.

” Christina, wife, female, white, 47 years old, married 27 years. Number of children born: 9. Number of children living: 7. Born in Russia Ger. Father born in Russia German. Mother born in Russia (Ger). Immigrated in 1901. Speaks German. Not employed. Can read: No. Can write: No. Attended school in the last year: no.

” Johannes, son, male, white, 23 years old, single. Born in Russia German. Father born in Austria-Hungry/Slov***. Mother born in Russia (Ger). Immigrated in 1901. Speaks Ger. English. Employed as a laborer in the R.R. shops. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes. Attended school in the last year: no.
” Joseph, son, male, white, 18 years old, 2nd marriage, single. Born in Russia German. Father born in Austria-Hungry/Slov***. Mother born in Russia (Ger). Immigrated in 1901. Speaks Ger. English. Employed as a machinist in the R.R. shops. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes. Attended school in the last year: no.
” Elizabeth, daughter, female, white, 16 years old, single. Born in Russia German. Father born in Austria-Hungry/Slov***. Mother born in Russia (Ger). Immigrated in 1901. Speaks Ger. English. Employed as a laborer in a box factory. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes. Attended school in the last year: no.
” Mathias, son, male, white, 10 years old, single. Born in Russia German. Father born in Austria-Hungry/Slov***. Mother born in Russia (Ger). Immigrated in 1901. Speaks Ger. English. Not employed. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes. Attended school in the last year: yes.
” George, son, male, white, 7 years old, single. Born in Kansas. Father born in Austria-Hungry/Slov***. Mother born in Russia (Ger). Speaks Ger. English. Not employed. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes. Attended school in the last year: no.
Kaberline, Andrew, son-in-law, male, white, 24 years old, married. Born in Kansas. Father born in Russia (Ger). Mother born in Russia (Ger). Speaks German. Employed as a machinist in the R.R. shops. Is not out of work. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes. Attended school in the last year: no.

” Anna, daughter, female, white, 20 years old, married 1 year. Number of children born: 1. Number of children living: 1. Born in Russia Ger. Father born in Russia German. Mother born in Russia (Ger). Immigrated in 1901. Speaks Ger English. Not employed. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes. Attended school in the last year: no.

” Karl, son, male, white, 3/12 years old (3 mos), single. Born in Kansas. Father born in Kansas. Mother born in Russia (Ger). Doesn’t speak. Not employed. Can read: No. Can write: No. Attended school in the last year: no.
Beyer, George, boarder, male, white, 24 years old, single. Born in Russia (Ger). Father born in Russia Ger. Mother born in Russia Ger. Immigrated in 1907. Alien. Speaks Ger English. Laborer in a flour mill. Is not out of work. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes. Attended school in the last year: No.
Balosky, Joseph, boarder, male, white, 33 years old, single. Born in Austria-Hungary/German. Father born in Austria-Hungary/German. Mother born in Austria-Hungary (Ger). Immigrated in 1903. Alien. Speaks German English. Laborer who works odd jobs. Currently out of work. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes. Attended school in the last year: No.

Source:
1910 U.S. Federal Census, Shawnee County, Topeka City, population schedule, Enumeration District 142, Sheet 3B, Dwelling 68. Mathias Porubsky; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 August 2014): FHL microfilm: 1374470. National Archives microfilm publication Roll T624_457.

Census Sunday – 1860 U.S. Census for Michael Lowry and Family

The 1860 Census record for my 3rd great grandfather Michael Lowry is the oldest confirmed record I have of him. I also have an 1854 naturalization record for a Michael Lowry, but can’t confirm that it belongs to my Michael. In 1860, he was living as a coal miner in Carbon Township, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania. Carbon Township is located in southern Huntingdon County, which itself is located in south central Pennsylvania. Unfortunately, I haven’t been able to locate any record prior to 1860 for Michael, which have to exist in some form as he is by this time already 30-years old and married with three children. At least two additional children would be born to Michael and his wife Bridget, including my second great grandfather Michael Jr.

State: Pennsylvania
County: Huntingdon
Township: Carbon Twp.
Enumeration District: 26
Enumerated by: E.L. Everhart, Asst. Marshal

Post Office: Huntingdon, Pennsylvania
Page 11

Dwelling-houses numbered in the order of visitation – 63

Families numbered in the order of visitation – 70
Michael Lowry, age 30, Male, Coal miner, no real estate or personal estate value, born in Ireland, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Bridget. ” , age 34, Female, born in Ireland, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, is a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Mary C. ” , age 6, Female, born in Pennsylvania, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Edward      ” , age 5, Male, born in Pennsylvania, not married within the year, did attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Anna E  ” , age 3, Female, born in Pennsylvania, not married within the year, did attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write

Source:
Michael household, 1860 U.S. census, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Carbon Township, page 327, dwelling 63, family 70; National Archives micropublication M653_1115. Page: 89; Image: 93. Ancestry.com; Link. Accessed 25 May 2014.

Census Sunday – 1920 U.S. Census for Michael Lowry and Family

The Fourteenth Census of the United States (1920) found the Lowrys living in Leetonia, Ohio. The previous seventy years took the Lowry family from Westmeath, Ireland to Huntingdon, Pennsylvania to Salem and then Leetonia, Ohio. After 1920, we would further find ourselves in Youngstown and then spread across the United States to major metropolitans like Houston, New York and Washington. But in 1920, we are in Leetonia with four generations under one roof starting with 80-year old Michael Lowry Sr. down to his great grandchild, the 1-year old Joseph McSweeney.

State: Ohio
County: Columbiana
Enumeration District: 137
Sheet No.: 4B
City/Township: Salem Township, Leetonia Village
Address: 184

Lowry Jr., Michael, head, house Owned, Free without Mortgage, male, white, 49 years old, married, able to read and write, born in Pennsylvania, father born in Ireland (native tongue Irish), mother born in Ireland (native tongue Irish), is able to speak English. Trade or occupation listed as ‘none’.

”, Annie, wife, female, white, 50 years old, married, immigrated in 1873, Naturalized in 1877, able to read and write, born in Bavaria (Ger) (native tongue German), father born in Bavaria (native tongue German), mother born in German (native tongue German), is able to speak English. Trade or occupation listed as ‘none’.

”, Edward, son, male, white, 23 years old, single, able to read and write, born in Ohio, father born in Pennsylvania, mother born in Bavaria (Ger) (native tongue German), able to speak English, machinist in a machine shop.

”, Charles, son, male, white, 20 years old, single, has not attended school since Sept. 1, 1919, able to read and write, born in Ohio, father born in Pennsylvania, mother born in Bavaria (Ger) (native tongue German), able to speak English, chemist in a steel plant.

”, Raymond, son, male, white, 17 years old, single, has not attended school since Sept. 1, 1919, able to read and write, born in Ohio, father born in Pennsylvania, mother born in Bavaria (Ger) (native tongue German), able to speak English, apprentice in a machine shop.

”, Helen, daughter, female, white, 13 years old, single, has attended school since Sept. 1, 1919, able to read and write, born in Ohio, father born in Pennsylvania, mother born in Bavaria (Ger) (native tongue German), able to speak English, not employed.

”, Michael Sr., father, male, white, 89 years old, widowed, immigrated in 1849, Naturalized in 186*, born in Ireland (native tongue Irish), father born in Ireland (native tongue Irish), mother born in Ireland (native tongue Irish), is able to speak English. Trade or occupation listed as ‘none’.

McSweeney, Jr., Joseph, grandson, male, white, 1 8/12 years old, single, born in Pennsylvania, father born in Ohio, mother born in Pennsylvania. Trade or occupation listed as ‘none’.

Sources:
“United States Census, 1920,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MDLY-931 : accessed 26 Dec 2012), Michael Lowry in household of Michael Lowry, Columbiana, Ohio; citing enumeration district (ED) 137, sheet 4B, family 83, NARA microfilm publication T625, FHL microfilm 1821356.

Census Sunday – Michael and Margaret Lowry in 1910

Have you ever had a ‘oh wow’ moment with your genealogy? I’ve had more than a few in the last few years. If you do enough digging, you will find something interesting. Some have been detailed on this blog. Other’s would make some ‘clutch their pearls’ and aren’t suitable for the internet. I *think* I’m having another.
The 1910 United States Census finds 70-year-old Michael Lowry Sr. and his wife Margaret living in Leetonia, Ohio. Margaret and Michael have been married for 20 years according to the Census sheet and lived on a farm on Washington Street.
Now, here’s where the intrigue rests: Ten years prior, in the 1900 Census, Michael’s wife is listed not as Margaret but as Bridget. How can be married 20 years but just 10 years prior was living with someone else? Do I have the same Michael Lowry? I suppose it’s possible (but rather doubtful) that there are there two elderly Michael Lowrys living in a town of 2,600 people. That said, only one is easily found in a search of the 1900 and 1910 census records for Leetonia.
I know Bridget Conley Lowry died in 1904; her obituary is available here and here on the blog. You will notice her obituary makes no mention of Michael. I will accept that Michael remarried Margaret, but when did they marry? Does that mean Michael divorced Bridget? Or where Margaret and Michael not married 20 years, but only married after Bridget’s death?
All this family drama may help explain the court battle that Michael and his daughter Margaret Lowry Lanaghan were fighting. All I’m certain of is that Michael had two wives. When he was married to each remains to be discovered and means two things: first, there are going to be more blog posts in the near future. Second, I need to make a trip to the courthouse in Lisbon and get answers to all these questions I just asked.
Click to enlarge.

State: Ohio
County: Columbiana
Township: Salem Township

Name of Incorporated Place: Leetonia
Ward of the City: North Precinct
Enumerated by me on the 16th day of June
Thomas P. Sammon, Enumerator
Supervisor’s District: 17
Enumeration District: 50
Sheet No. 3A
Dwelling No. 68
House No. 68

Address: 68 Washington Street (map)

Lowry, Michael, head, male, white, 70 years old, 2nd marriage, married 20 years. Born in Ireland. Father born in Ireland. Mother born in Ireland. Immigrated in 1860. Naturalized citizen. Speaks English. Employed as a health officer. Is not out of work. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes. Owned a farm without a mortgage. Farm schedule: 3#1
” Margaret, wife (ref)#2, female, white, 60 years old, 2nd marriage, married 20 years. No child born. Number of children living is zero. Born in Ireland. Father born in Ireland. Mother born in Ireland. Immigrated in 1880. Speaks English. Not employed. Can read: Yes. Can write: Yes.
Notes:
(#1) The 1910 Farm Schedule was a separate census schedule that would have provided additional information about all farms, but was destroyed before 1922 as either part of a fire or a ‘slimming’ of Executive Branch documents; it’s unclear.
(#2) (ref) was written on the census sheet to indicate who answered the enumerator’s questions.
Source:
1910 U.S. Federal Census, Columbiana County, Leetonia, population schedule, Enumeration District 50, Sheet 3A, Dwelling 68,. Michael Lowry; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 February 2014): FHL microfilm: 1375175. National Archives microfilm publication Roll T624_1162.