Census Sunday – 1940 Census of Francis and Helen Witt

It’s hard not to think of our grandparents how we most often saw them – as grown adults, perhaps even elderly. I think of my great grandfather as a man in his 90’s, sitting in a chair in his house on Osborn Avenue and waving his cane at me. Documents such as census records make it easier to imagine them in a different time in their lives. In 1940, the Witt family lived at 24 Osborn Avenue, just north of Mahoning Avenue. When a census enumerator visited the house, my great grandfather Francis was 41 years old, and my grandfather Howard just a boy of 11.

Relationship to me:
Francis John Witt (1899 – 1992)
father of:
Howard David Witt (1929 – 2001)
father of:
Rebecca Ann Witt
mother of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry

State: Ohio
County: Mahoning
City: Youngstown

Ward: 4
Block: 506
Sheet: 12A
Enumeration District: 96-76
Enumerated by: Anne S Williams, Enumerator
Address: 24 N Osborn Ave (map)

Francis Witt, head, male, white, 41 years old, married, has not attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through 8th grade, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, was at work for pay the week of March 24-30, 1940. Works 40 hours a week as a business agent in a repair shop, worked 26 weeks in 1939. Earned $800 wages in 1939, with no wages from another source.

Helen         ” , wife, female, white, age 41, married, has not attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through 8th grade, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place (not a farm), did not work or seek work.
M. Governor    ” , son, male, white, age 20, single, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, has attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through C-2 (College, 2 years), in school for 52 weeks; wages of $450. No job listed.
Francis        ” , son, male, white, age 19,  single, has not attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through 12th grade, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, was seeking work. Duration of unemployment up to March 30, 1940—in weeks: 20 weeks. Otherwise works as an order clerk at a steel mill. In 1939, worked 12 for $300 in wages.
William        ” , son, male, white, age 17,  single, has attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through 11th grade, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, did not work or seek work.
Fred             ” , son, male, white, age 15, single, has attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through 8th grade, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, did not work or seek work.
Howard        ” , son, male, white, age 11, single, has attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through 4th grade, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, did not work or seek work.
Helen K.       ” , daughter, female, white, age 6, single, has not attended school since March 1, 1939, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, did not work or seek work.
Sources:
1940 U.S. Federal Census, Mahoning County, Youngstown, population schedule, Enumeration District 96-76, Sheet 12A, Dwelling 229,. Francis Witt; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 28 July 2013), citing National Archives microfilm publication Roll T627_3270.

Petro, Diane. (Spring 2012). Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? The 1940 Census: Employment and Income. Prologue Magazine. Volume 44 (Issue 1). Retrieved from http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2012/spring/1940.html. Accessed 28 July 2013.

Census Sunday – 1850 U.S. Census of Mathias and Godfrey Wolford

One of the fun and fascinating things about family history is tracking where your ancestors lived. Within my family, we always think of the Wolford’s as being a clan from Topeka, but if you trace them back far enough, you find that they didn’t live that far from Youngstown. The 1850 U.S. Census shows several Wolford families living in Jefferson Township, Coshocton County, Ohio.
The 1850 Census was the first to list each member of the household. Previous census records only listed the heads of the household and the number of people living there. With the additional names, it’s much easier to track family lineage. The 1850 Census shows two Wolford families farming side by side. My 4th great grandfather Mathias Wolford and his family owned $500 worth of land while his brother Godfrey Wolford lived next door on a much larger plot, valued at $1000.
In 1850, Jefferson Township was becoming a very suitable place to live, as the newly built Walhonding Canal provided a link to the larger Ohio and Erie Canal and eventually, the Great Lakes. For farmers and 3rd generation Americans Mathias and Godfrey, the canal system would have provided a relatively inexpensive means of transporting goods to market and returning farming equipment to the homestead.
Relationship to me:
Mathias Wolford (1821 – 1876) and Godfrey Wolford (1812 – 1880)
father of and uncle of:
James Mathias Wolford (1846 – 1905)
father of:
Stanton M. Wolford (1864 – 1946)
father of:
Raymond Hudson Wolford (1909 – 1970)
father of:
Barbara Jean Wolford
mother of:
Rebecca Ann Witt
mother of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry

State: Ohio
County: Coshocton

Township: Jefferson Twp.
Enumeration District: 26
Enumerated by: T. Hutchinson, Asst. Marshal

Dwelling No 16
Mathias Wolford, age 29, Male, Farmer, $500 (value of real estate), born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Eliza.          ”      , age 25, Female, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
James M.   ”      , age 3, Male, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Derinda      ”      , age 2, Female, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Francis M  ”      , age 2/12, Male, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Dwelling No 17
Godfery Wolford, age 37, Male, Farmer, $1000 (value of real estate), born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Susanna.  ”      , age 30, Female, born in Pennsylvania, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Eliza.       ”      , age 11, Female, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
William    ”      , age 10, Male, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Mathias   ”      , age 8, Male, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Mary      ”      , age 6, Female, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Wilson   ”      , age 3, Male, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Isaac    ”      , age 1, Male, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Source:

Mathias Wolford household, 1850 U.S. census, Coshocton County, Ohio, population schedule, Jefferson township, page 327, dwelling 16, family 16; National Archives micropublication M432_670. Ancestry.com; Page: 164A; Image: 333. Link. Accessed 13 Jun 2013.

Census Sunday – The Bahle’s in 1880

It’s fun (for me, anyway) to look at the same point in history and see where two branches of your family are. I have previously looked at the Lowry’s in 1880 and just last night discovered the 1880 U.S. Census for Jacob Bahle’s family. Lowry and Bahle are both paternal surnames. My great grandfather Charles Lowry married Mary Pepperney, whose mother was a Bahle. The Bahle’s are an  interesting family, and I’ve discovered quite a bit about them recently.
In 1880, the Bahle’s lived in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. Today we know of this as Pittsburgh’s North Side but before 1907, Allegheny was a separate city. While I think they resided on Iten Street (or something similar, see the middle of the ‘N’ in the map below), the street name is unclear on the several census sheets it appears. To further complicate things, upon annexation, many Allegheny streets were renamed because of duplicate names used by Pittsburgh. Based on the names of surrounding streets, examining a 1876 map and comparing it to today’s Google Map, I presume they lived in the East Allegheny, or Deutschtown.
1876 map of Allegheny city’s 7th Ward (Source). To see where this is today, click here
For the residents of this street, the census sheet lists birthplaces of Bavaria, Hesse, Prussia and Werttemburg. In the late 1800’s, these were all Germanic kingdoms or duchy’s. Jacob was working in a cotton mill, which is an interesting occupation for Pittsburgh where steel and iron production ruled. While wife Henrietta maintained the home, elder sons George and John were unemployed and looking for work. The younger children were either in school or stayed at home with mom.
The 1880 Census sheet for Jacob Bahle and his family. Click to enlarge.
Finding these records isn’t as easy as you might assume. I had a rough sense that the Bahle’s were living in Pittsburgh in 1880, but wasn’t sure where. A simple last name search turned up nothing. While I’ve manually searched census records for places like Leetonia and Salem, the 1880 Census determined Pittsburgh to be a city of 156,389. After about an hour of using more advanced search techniques (wildcat searches!) on a few different genealogy sites, I found them and discovered by they weren’t easy to find. The enumerator spelled their last name B-A-L-I instead of B-A-H-L-E.

Relationship to me:
Jacob Bahle (1832 – 1908)
father of:
Mary Anna Bahle (1877 -1935)
mother of:
Mary Margaret Pepperney (1902 – 1980)
mother of:
Charles James Lowry (1924 – 2007)
father of:
Patrick Edward Lowry
father of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry

State: Pittsburgh
County: Allegheny
Town: Allegheny City (annexed by Pittsburgh in 1907)
Page No.: 44
Supervisor’s District: 9
Enumeration District: 24
Dwelling: 305
Family No.: 426
Address: 22 (illegible)

Bali, Jacob White, Male, Age 48 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Head of household. Married. Occupation: works in a cotton mill. Born in Werttemburg, Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Werttemburg.
— , Henrietta. White, Female, Age 37 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Wife. Married. Occupation: keeping house. Born in Pennsylvania, Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Werttemburg.
— , George. White, Male, Age 19 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Son. Single. Occupation: laborer. Number of months this person has been unemployed in Census Year: (checked). Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.
— , John. White, Male, Age 17 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Son. Single. Occupation: laborer. Number of months this person has been unemployed in Census Year: (checked). Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.

— , Jacob. White, Male, Age 17 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Son. Single. Occupation: at school. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.
— , Anna. White, Female, Age 10 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Daughter, Single. Occupation: at school. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.
— , Joseph. White, Male, Age 8 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Son. Single. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.
— , Mary. White, Female, Age 3 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Daughter, Single. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.
— , Andrew. White, Male, Age 1 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Son. Single. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.

Sources:
1880 U.S. census, Allegheny, Pennsylvania population schedule, Allegheny, enumeration district (ED) 24, page 44 (penned), dwelling 305, family 426, Jacob Bali; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 16 February 2013); NARA microfilm Roll 1087.

Why You Shouldn’t Trust the Ancestry.com Indexer

When the 1940 U.S. census records were released, Ancestry.com paid some folks a lot of money to transcribe and index them, which would allow average Joe’s like to me to go in and find people with a simple keyword search. I appreciate that these indexers were faced with records for millions of people to index and handwriting that could be atrocious, but these indexers sucked at their job.

I introduce for the prosecution Exhibit A: the 1940 Census of Mercedes Rogan Clark and her husband John.

In 1940, one of the questions asked by the enumerator is where the person lived in 1935. The objective of the question was to capture additional changes to information from the 1930 census. And how did the indexer transcribe the answer to that question asked of Mercedes: Pen Argyl, Molesmer, Ohio.

I’m not a geography whiz, but I know a few things. Pen Argyl is in Pennsylvania, not Ohio, and Molesmer is a fictitious place. What is clear to me is that the line reads, ‘Youngstown, Mahoning, Ohio.’

Source:
1940 U.S. Federal Census, Lawrence County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Enumeration District 37-19, Sheet 16B. Clark, Charles; digital image, Ancestry.com (link), accessed 29 January 2013), citing National Archives microfilm publication Roll T627 3537.

Census Sunday – The Bixler’s in 1930

3519 Mahoning Avenue. Today it’s a plot of land between a Burger King and an Advance Auto Parts near Meridian Road. In 1930, it was home to three groups of Bixler’s. On April 17, 1930, when census enumerator Edward J. Aaron was making his rounds, he found parents (and my great, great grandparents) William and Elizabeth Bixler, their daughter Mary and her children and daughter Florence and her children. Three generations, one apartment.

State: Ohio
County: Mahoning
City/Township: Youngstown
Ward: 4
Enumeration District: 55
Sheet No.: 45A
Family: 1
Address: 3519 Mahoning Ave (map)
Family Group 1
Bixler, William. Head of household. Renter. $18 rent. Does not live on a farm. Male, White, Aged 57 years at last birthday, Married at age 22. Has not attended school since September 1, 1929 and can read and write. Place of birth: Ohio. Place of father’s birth: Germany. Place of mother’s birth: Germany. Yes, is a citizen. Employed as a janitor at a bank. Class of worker: W. Is employed. Is not a veteran.
   ”     , Elizabeth. Wife. Female, White, Aged 57 years at last birthday. Married at age 22. Has not attended school since September 1, 1929 and can read and write. Place of birth: Ohio. Place of father’s birth: England. Place of mother’s birth: Whales (sic). Yes, is a citizen. Is not employed.
Family Group 2
Schrimshaw, Mary. Head of household. Renter. $12 rent. Does not live on a farm. Female, White, Aged 24 years at last birthday, Married at age 17. Has not attended school since September 1, 1929 and can read and write. Place of birth: Ohio. Place of father’s birth: Ohio. Place of mother’s birth: Ohio. Yes, is a citizen. Has no occupation.
   ”     , Harold. Son. Male, White, Aged 5 years at last birthday, Single. Has attended school since September 1, 1929. Place of birth: Ohio. Place of father’s birth: Ohio. Place of mother’s birth: Ohio. Has no occupation.
   ”     , June. Daughter. White, Aged 3 10/12 years at last birthday, Single. Has not attended school since September 1, 1929. Place of birth: Ohio. Place of father’s birth: Ohio. Place of mother’s birth: Ohio. Has no occupation.

   ”     , Edwin. Son. Male, White, Aged 2 ?/12 years at last birthday, Single. Has not attended school since September 1, 1929. Place of birth: Ohio. Place of father’s birth: Ohio. Place of mother’s birth: Ohio. Has no occupation.

Family Group 3
Cramer, Florance. Head of household. Renter. $14 rent. Does not live on a farm. Female, White, Aged 27 years at last birthday, Married at age 16. Has not attended school since September 1, 1929 and can read and write. Place of birth: Ohio. Place of father’s birth: Ohio. Place of mother’s birth: Ohio. Yes, is a citizen. Has an occupation. Employed as a sales lady at a dry goods store.
   ”     , Florance, Daughter. Female, White, Aged 9 years at last birthday, Single. Has attended school since September 1, 1929. Place of birth: New York. Place of father’s birth: Pennsylvania. Place of mother’s birth: Ohio. Has no occupation.
   ”     , Mearl J, Son, Male, White, Aged 7 years at last birthday, Single. Has attended school since September 1, 1929. Place of birth: Ohio. Place of father’s birth: Pennsylvania  Place of mother’s birth: Ohio. Has no occupation.
   ”     , Alice, Daughter. Female, White, Aged 6 years at last birthday, Single. Has attended school since September 1, 1929. Place of birth: New York. Place of father’s birth: Pennsylvania  Place of mother’s birth: Ohio. Has no occupation.
   ”     , Janet, Daughter. Female, White, Aged 1 ?/12 years at last birthday, Single. Has not attended school since September 1, 1929. Place of birth: Ohio. Place of father’s birth: Pennsylvania  Place of mother’s birth: Ohio. Has no occupation.
Relationship to me:
William Joseph Bixler (1875 – 1944)
father of:
Helen Bixler Witt (1898 – 1985)
mother of:
Howard David Witt (1929 – 2001)
father of:
Rebecca Witt Lowry
mother of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry

There are multiple curiosities here! First, was this a triplex apartment, with three units or were all three families living in one apartment but paying separate rent. The address is the same, so without further examination, it’s hard to tell. Combined, they paid $44 dollars for rent.
Second, where are the husbands of Mary Schrimshaw and Florance Cramer, Harold and Mearl, Sr., respectively? Mary’s husband Harold is still living in Youngstown, a boarder in the home of George Buckley at 311 Willis Avenue, on the South Side. I can’t explain the separation but perhaps more research can. While I found Harold, I can’t find Mearl, Sr. in the 1930 Census. In the 1940 Census, the 41-year old is living just with his 18-year old son Mearl, Jr. (the 7-year old, above) in Chautauqua, New York. Again, I’m not sure what drove the separation. More research required…
For a fascinating look at the 1930 U.S. Census, check out this article from the National Archives: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/census-form/
Sources:
“United States Census, 1930,” index and images, Ancestry.com (http://search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=6224&iid=4639663_00907&fn=Florance&ln=Cramer&st=r&ssrc=pt_t28087067_p5130324888_kpidz0q3d5130324888z0q26pgz0q3d32768z0q26pgplz0q3dpid&pid=70672780), William J Bixler household, Youngstown, Ohio; citing enumeration district (ED) 55, sheet 45A, family 1, NARA micofilm publication T626. Image 901.0, FHL microfilm 2341578.

Treasure Chest Thursday: 1920 Census of James McSweeney

Among my Christmas presents was a gift subscription to Ancestry.com, which I had survived without for the last year. Most of my online research had been done with Familysearch.org or GenealogyBank.com. Having an Ancestry.com subscription has greatly expanded my base of searchable records.

One of the first collections I searched was the 1920 census. It was picked mostly because I previously had limited access to it. I quickly discovered the census record for my great grand uncle Joseph C. McSweeney. On 26 January 1920, when visited by census enumerator Harry Burke, Joseph was living in Delaware County, Pennsylvania with his brother. This came as a bit of a shock as Joseph was born, raised, and had married just a few years prior in Leetonia, Ohio. He wasn’t living with his wife or son, Joseph Jr., but rather with his brother John and sister-in-law Mary. His listing as a widower quickly had me searching for more records.

Joseph was married to Anastasia Lowry and they had a son, Joseph, Jr. There marriage was short, as Anastasia died in 1919 at age 24 of a sarcoma of the hip, a very aggressive and poorly treatable condition for the time. After suffering for nine months, she succumbed to the disease on 13 February 1919 at Salem Hospital. She’s buried at Calvary Cemetery in Leetonia, Ohio.

Photo by Joe Lowry, May 2012.
Ana’s death explains the widower designation; when the census enumerator visited a year later, Joseph was a 25 year old widower with a son. In fact, the family of father and son had split up. Joseph moved to the industrial town of Chester, Pennsylvania to live with his brother and sister-in-law while Joseph, Jr. stayed in Leetonia to live with his grandparents and Ana’s brothers. 
Relationship to me:
Joseph McSweeney (1893 – 1963)
husband of:
Anastasia Lowry (1894 – 1919)
daughter of:
Michael Lowry (1868 – 1949)
father of:
Charles E. Lowry (1899 – 1975)
father of:
Charles J. Lowry (1924 – 2007)
father of:
Patrick E. Lowry
father of:
Joseph P. Lowry
State: Pennsylvania
County: Delaware
Enumeration District: 149
Sheet No.: 31
City/Township: Chester City
Ward: 11
Address: 1123 Keystone Road (map)
McSweeney, John D., head, home is Rented, male, white, 24 years old, married, is able to read and write, born in Ohio, father born in Ohio, mother born in Ohio, is able to speak English, blower at a furnace as a wage worker (hourly, instead of salaried).
”, Mary, wife, female, white, 24 years old, married, is able to read and write, born in Ohio, father born in Ohio, mother born in Ohio, is able to speak English, not employed.
”, Joseph C., brother, male, white, 27 years old, widower, is able to read and write, born in Ohio, father born in Ohio, mother born in Ohio, is able to speak English, chemist at a blast furnace as a wage worker (hourly, instead of salaried).
Joseph and Anastasia’s son Joseph Jr. was sent to live with his grandparent’s in Leetonia, Columbiana County, Ohio. Whether this was a short-term or long-term arrangement hasn’t revealed itself. What is known is that four generations of Lowry’s were now living in one household,  including three of my ancestors (in bold, below). Joseph Jr. is listed last on the census record.

State: Ohio
County: Columbiana
Enumeration District: 137
Sheet No.: 4B
City/Township: Salem Township, Leetonia Village
Address: 184
Lowry Jr., Michael, head, house Owned, Free without Mortgage, male, white, 49 years old, married, able to read and write, born in Pennsylvania, father born in Ireland (native tongue Irish), mother born in Ireland (native tongue Irish), is able to speak English. Trade or occupation listed as ‘none’.
”, Annie, wife, female, white, 50 years old, married, immigrated in 1873, Naturalized in 1877, able to read and write, born in Bavaria (Ger) (native tongue German), father born in Bavaria (native tongue German), mother born in German (native tongue German), is able to speak English. Trade or occupation listed as ‘none’.
”, Edward, son, male, white, 23 years old, single, able to read and write, born in Ohio, father born in Pennsylvania, mother born in Bavaria (Ger) (native tongue German), able to speak English, machinist in a machine shop.
”, Charles, son, male, white, 20 years old, single, has not attended school since Sept. 1, 1919, able to read and write, born in Ohio, father born in Pennsylvania, mother born in Bavaria (Ger) (native tongue German), able to speak English, chemist in a steel plant.
”, Raymond, son, male, white, 17 years old, single, has not attended school since Sept. 1, 1919, able to read and write, born in Ohio, father born in Pennsylvania, mother born in Bavaria (Ger) (native tongue German), able to speak English, apprentice in a machine shop.
”, Helen, daughter, female, white, 13 years old, single, has attended school since Sept. 1, 1919, able to read and write, born in Ohio, father born in Pennsylvania, mother born in Bavaria (Ger) (native tongue German), able to speak English, not employed.
”, Michael Sr., father, male, white, 89 years old, widowed, immigrated in 1849, Naturalized in 186*,  born in Ireland (native tongue Irish), father born in Ireland (native tongue Irish), mother born in Ireland (native tongue Irish), is able to speak English. Trade or occupation listed as ‘none’.
McSweeney, Jr., Joseph, grandson, male, white, 1 8/12 years old, single, born in Pennsylvania, father born in Ohio, mother born in Pennsylvania. Trade or occupation listed as ‘none’.
I don’t know what relationship father and son had after this or if they were yet to be reunited. A search of the 1930 and 1940 U.S. Census records is my next step. Stay tuned. There’s more to come!


Sources:
“Ohio, Deaths, 1908-1953,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X8K4-8LN : accessed 27 Dec 2012), Anastasia Mcsweeney, 13 Feb 1919; citing Salem, Columbiana, Ohio, reference fn 8812; FHL microfilm 1984637.

“United States Census, 1920,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MFR5-3RF : accessed 27 Dec 2012), Joseph F Mcsweeney in household of John D Mcsweeney, , Delaware, Pennsylvania; citing enumeration district (ED) , sheet 31A, family 649, NARA microfilm publication T625, FHL microfilm 1821561.

“United States Census, 1920,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MDLY-931 : accessed 26 Dec 2012), Joseph Mcsweeney in household of Michael Lowry, , Columbiana, Ohio; citing enumeration district (ED) , sheet 4B, family 83, NARA microfilm publication T625, FHL microfilm 1821356.

Census Sunday: 1880 Michael Lowry and Family

The early 1880’s were a rather prosperous time for the United States and for Ohio. The mining industry was booming, thanks to large deposits of iron ore and coal in Ohio. It was an era of Ohio supremacy, with Ohians Rutherford B. Hayes succeeded by James Garfield to the Presidency. It would make sense than that the Irish-born Michael Lowry and his family would settle where they could work, and Leetonia, Ohio was such a place.

Michael and his wife Bridget (Conley) had at least six children including daughters Bridget (b. 1847), Mary Lee (b. 1854), Anna (b. 1858) and Margaret (b. 1861) and two sons, Edward (b. 1855) and Michael (b. 1868). In 1880, just Michael was living at home with his parents.

Relationship to me:
Michael Lowry (1830 – 1928)
father of:
Michael Lowry (1864-1949)
father of:
Charles Edward Lowry (1899 – 1975)
father of:
Charles James Lowry (1924 – 2007)
father of:
Patrick Edward Lowry
father of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry
State: Ohio
County: Columbiana
Town: Leetonia, Salem Township
Page No.: 32

Supervisor’s District: 8

Enumeration District: 68
Dwelling: 285
Family No.: 294
Address: Unknown, not listed (map)
Michael Lowry, White, Male, Age 56 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Head of household. Married. Occupation: coal miner. Cannot read or write. Born in Ireland, Father born in Ireland, Mother born in Ireland.
Bridget Lowry, White, Female, Age 55 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Wife. Married. Occupation: keeping house. Cannot read or write. Born in Ireland, Father born in Ireland, Mother born in Ireland.
Michael Lowry, White, Male, Age 16 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Son. Single. Occupation: coal miner. Can read and write. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Ireland, Mother born in Ireland.

Commentary:
Unlike later census’s, this doesn’t indicate who provided the information to the enumerator. It’s difficult to assess because while father and son are listed as coal miners, there are check marks near their names indicating that they were unemployed in the last year. That field is supposed to indicate how many months they’ve been unemployed, but the enumerator only put a check mark. So, they may not have been working and could have been home to answer the questions.

The census indicates an 1825 birth date for Bridget, which is consistent with my records. The 1824 year of birth indicated from this census record for Michael is different from the 1830 I obtained from his death certificate. This record indicates son Michael’s year of birth as being 1864, while his death certificate lists it as being 1868, which is what I put in my Ancestry.com Family Tree. I doubt a coal miner would be 12 years old, so 1864 is probably closer to his actual birth date.

Sources:
1880 U.S. census, Leetonia, Ohio, population schedule, Salem, enumeration district (ED) 58, sheet 32 (penned), dwelling 285, family 294, Micheal Lowry; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 6 Dec 2012); NARA microfilm Roll 1002

Census Sunday: 1940 Raymond Wolford Family

Relationship to me:
Raymond Hudson Wolford (1909 – 1970)
father of:
Barbara Jean Wolford
mother of:
Rebecca Ann Witt
mother of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry

State: Colorado
County: Denver
Enumeration District: 16-219A
Sheet No.: 61B
City/Township: Denver
Ward: 5
Address: 1020 Logan Street (map)

Raymond H Wolford, Head, male, white, 30 years old, married, attended school through H-2 (sophomore year), born in Kansas, on April 1, 1935 lived in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas, works 44 hours a week as a stock clerk in a department store, worked 52 weeks in 1939.
Caroline Wolford, Wife, female, white, 29 years old, married, attended school through H-1 (freshman year), born in Kansas, on April 1, 1935 lived in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas. Does not work outside the home.
Betty Jane, Daughter, female, white, 8 years old, single, has completed 2nd grade, born in Kansas, on April 1, 1935 lived in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.
Barbara Jean, Daughter, female, white, 8 years old, single, has completed 2nd grade, born in Kansas, on April 1, 1935 lived in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.

This is the family of my grandmother Barbara Jean, her twin sister Betty and their parents Raymond and Caroline. My grandma and her sister recently celebrated their 81st birthdays. My great grandma Caroline Porubsky Wolford lived until 2003 and although she lived most of her life in Topeka, Kansas, I was fortunate enough to have met her several times. The only other great grandparents alive in my lifetime were my great grandfather Francis Witt (who died in 1992) and his wife Helen Bixler (who died in 1985).

I have to admit that when I found this record, I was surprised that it was a Denver census record. I have vague recollections of my grandmother saying she lived in Denver, but I spent hours scouring Topeka, Kansas for her 1940 census record. An Ancestry.com hint led me to Denver. It sounds like I have some questions to ask at Christmas!

Sources:
1940 U.S. Federal Census, Denver County, Denver, population schedule, Enumeration District 16, Sheet 61B, Dwelling 169,. Raymond H. Wolford; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 30 September 2012), citing National Archives microfilm publication Roll T627_490.

Census Sunday: 1900 Stanton Wolford Family

1900 Census record for Stanton Wolford and Family
Relationship to me:
Stanton M. Wolford (1864 – 1946)
father of:
Raymond Hudson Wolford (1909 – 1970)
father of:
Barbara Jean Wolford
mother of:
Rebecca Ann Witt
mother of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry
State: Kansas
County: Shawnee
Enumeration District: 14
Sheet No.: 6
City/Township: Topeka City
Precinct: 2nd
Address: 829 West Gordon Street (map)
Stanton Wolford, Head, white male, May 1865, 35 years old, married 13 years, born in Indiana, father and mother born in Indiana, carpenter, can read, write and speak English, rents a house
Etta Wolford, wife, white female, Oct 1869, 30 years old, married 13 years, born in Illinois, father and mother born in Illinois, can read, write and speak English
Agness V Wolford, daughter, white female, Mar 1888, 12 years old, single, born in Illinois, father born in Indiana, mother born in Illinois, at school, can read, write and speak English
Hubert Wolford, son, white male, May 1890, 10 years old, single, born in Illinois, father born in Indiana, mother born in Illinois, at school, can read, write and speak English
Harry Wolford, son, white male, April 1894, 6 years old, single, born in Illinois, father born in Indiana, mother born in Illinois
Hommer Wolford, son, white male, Dec 1896, 3 years old, single, born in Illinois, father born in Indiana, mother born in Illinois
Commentary and errors: This record is before the 1909 birth of my great grandfather Raymond Wolford. The census enumerator, Mr. Wesley G. Pliley (sp?), misspelled the names of Agness (Agnes) and Hommer (Homer) Wolford.
Sources:
1900 U.S. Federal Census, Shawnee County, Kansas, population schedule, Topeka City, Enumeration District 45, Sheet 6, p. 175 (stamped), Dwelling 131, Family 131,. Stanton M. Wolford; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 23 September 2012), citing National Archives microfilm publication T623, Roll 500.

Census Sunday: 1900 George Groucutt Family

1900 Census record for George Leo Groucutt and Family

Relationship to me:
George Leo Groucutt (1862 – 1941)
father of:
Noah E Groucutt (1882-1967)
father of:
Mary Jean Grocutt (1924-1987)
mother of:
Patrick Edward Lowry
father of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry
State: Pennsylvania
County: Lawrence
Enumeration District: 106
Sheet No.: 24
City of New Castle
Ward of city, 4th
Address: 223 Long Avenue (map)
George Groucutt, Head, White Male, April 1861, 39 years old, male, married 19 years, born in England, father and mother born in England, naturalized in 1891, works as a tin worker, can read, write and speak English, owned a house with a mortgage
Bridget Groucutt, Wife, White Female, Feb 1862, 38 years old, female, married 19 years, mother of 10 children, 8 of these children living, born in England, father born in England, mother born in Ireland, naturalized in 1892, can read, write and speak English
Noah Groucutt, Son, White Male, June 1881, 18 years old, male, single, born in England, father and mother born in England, naturalized in 1892, works as a tin worker, can read, write and speak English
Thomas Groucutt, Son, White Male, Mar 1886, single, born in England, father and mother born in England, naturalized in 1982, can read, write and speak English
George Groucutt, Son, White Male, Aug 1888, single, born in England, father and mother born in England, naturalized in 1892, at school, can read, write and speak English
Ellen Groucutt, Daughter, White Female, Feb 1891, single, born in England, father and mother born in England, naturalized in 1892, at school
William Groucutt, Son, White Male, June 1894, single, born in Ohio, father and mother born in England, at school
Clare Groucutt, Son, White Male, May 1896, single, born in Pennsylvania, father and mother born in England
Edward Groucutt, Son, White Male, Nov 1897, single, born in Pennsylvania, father and mother born in England
Mary Groucutt, Daughter, White Female, May 1900, single, born in Pennsylvania, father and mother born in England