Census Sunday – 1930 U.S. Census for Charles E. Lowry and Family

We continue to trace back the family of Charles Edward Lowry. We started in 1940 and today we look at 1930. In 1940, the Lowry’s lived at 207 N Thornton and paid $31 per month in rent. Ten years earlier, they lived down the block and were paying $35 per month. I’m not certain when they moved. Early family photos I have show the house at 207 Thornton, not 106, which has since been torn down.

Relationship to Me:
Charles Edward Lowry (1899 – 1975)
father of:
Charles James Lowry (1924 – 2007)
father of:
Patrick Edward Lowry
father of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry

State: Ohio
County: Mahoning
City: Youngstown

Ward: 1
Block: 44
Sheet: 14A
Enumeration District: 50-3
Enumerated by: Mrs. G(H?)omer James, Enumerator
Address: 106 N Thornton Avenue (map)

Line 47 – 49
Household 250
Rented or Owned: Rented
Monthly Rent: $35
Does this household live on a farm? No

Lowry, Charles E, head, male, white, 30 years old, married. Age first married: 22. Has not attended school or college since Sept 1, 1929. Is able to read and write. Born in Ohio. Father born in United States. Mother born in Germany. Is a citizen. Occupied as a chemist in a steel mill. Actually at work yesterday: Yes. Is a veteran of the U.S. military or naval forces: No.

” M. Margaret, wife (H.), female, white, age 27, married. Age first married: 19. Has not attended school  or college since Sept 1, 1929. Is able to read and write. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Pennsylvania. Mother born in Pennsylvania. Is a citizen. Is not employed.
” , Charles J., son, male, white, age 5, single. Has attended school or college anytime since Sept 1, 1929. Born in Ohio. Father born in Ohio. Mother born in Pennsylvania.
Note:
(H.) is written on the census form and appears to indicate who answered the enumerator’s questions.

Source:
1930 U.S. Federal Census, Mahoning County, Youngstown, population schedule, Enumeration District 50-3, Sheet 14A, Dwelling 250,. Charles E Lowry; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 December 2013), citing Image: 669.0; FHL microfilm: 2341576. National Archives microfilm publication Roll T626.

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Census Sunday – 1940 U.S. Census for Michael Lowry and Family

Not often thought of today, my 2nd great grandfather Michael Lowry was still alive in 1940. In fact, he lived to see his grandson Charles graduate from Ursuline High School, depart for France with the Army and be wounded in the fight for Brest, France. He died in Mayhew Nursing Home in Perry Township, Columbiana County, Ohio in 1949. In 1940, Michael was 71 years old living with his wife Annie in Salem, Ohio.
Relationship to Me:
Michael Lowry (1868 – 1949)
father of:
Charles Edward Lowry (1899 – 1975)
father of:
Charles James Lowry (1924 – 2007)
father of:
Patrick Edward Lowry
father of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry

State: Ohio
County: Columbiana
City: Salem
Township: Perry

Ward: 1
Sheet: 11A
Enumeration District: 15-40
Enumerated by: Joseph Corso, Enumerator
Address:  440 West State Street (map)

Line 34 – 35
Household 249
Rented or Owned: Owned
Value of Home: $3000

Lowry, Michael, head, male, white, 70 years old, married. Has not attended school or college since Mar 1, 1940. Completed education through 8th grade. Born in Pennsylvania. Lived in the same house on April 1, 1935. Does not live on a farm. Was not at work for pay the week of Mar 24 – 30, 1940. Was not performing emergency work (CCA, WPA, etc) the week of Mar 24 – 30, 1940. Is not seeking work. Did not have a job or business. Is unable to work. Occupation is a coal miner in a coal mine. Number of weeks worked in 1939: 0. Income received: 0. Receives income greater than $50 or more from sources other than money wages or salary.

” Annie (X.) wife, female, white, 70 years old, married. Has not attended school or college since Mar 1, 1940. Completed education through 6th grade. Born in Germany. Lived in the same house on April 1, 1935. Does not live on a farm. Was not at work for pay the week of Mar 24 – 30, 1940. Was not performing emergency work (CCA, WPA, etc) the week of Mar 24 – 30, 1940. Is not seeking work. Did not have a job or business. Is engaged in home housework. Number of weeks worked in 1939: 0. Income received: 0. Receives income greater than $50 or more from sources other than money wages or salary.
Note:
  • It is interesting that the enumerator listed the occupation of coal miner for Mike. The instructions say to only list occupation for those who work, and Mike does not work in 1940.
  • Michael and Annie have income other than a salary coming in, so perhaps Michael earned a pension for his work as a coal miner.
  • The X. next to Annie is written on the census form and indicates that she answered the enumerator’s questions.

Source:
1940 U.S. Federal Census, Columbiana County, Salem, population schedule, Enumeration District 15-40, Sheet 11A, Dwelling 249,. Michael Lowry; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 December 2013), citing National Archives microfilm publication Roll T627_3267.

Census Sunday – 1940 U.S. Census for Charles E. Lowry and Family

A 15-year old kid with his two parents. His mother doting over him, his father off to work each day. This was my grandfather and his parents in 1940. Charles James Lowry was a sophomore at Ursuline High School when Census Bureau employee Helen G Fouistell knocked on the door of 207 Thornton Avenue, on Youngstown’s North Side.

Carrying her oversized clipboard and a new Census sheet, she found my great grandmother Margaret home on Friday, April 5, 1940. My great grandfather Charles Edward was probably off at work, a analyst at Republic Steel. Steel still put bread on the table in Youngstown in 1940. Five of the 19 employed individuals that Helen interviewed for this census sheet worked in steel mills.

Relationship to Me:
Charles Edward Lowry (1899 – 1975)
father of:
Charles James Lowry (1924 – 2007)
father of:
Patrick Edward Lowry
father of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry

Click to enlarge.

State: Ohio
County: Mahoning
City: Youngstown

Ward: 1
Block: 169
Sheet: 2B
Enumeration District: 96-14
Enumerated by: Helen G Fouistell, Enumerator
Address: 207 N Thornton Avenue (map)

Line 41 – 43
Household 31
Rented or Owned: Rented
Monthly Rent: $31
Does this household live on a farm? No

Lowry, Charles E, head, male, white, 39 years old, married. Has not attended school since March 1, 1939. Attended school through 12th grade. Born in Ohio. On April 1, 1935 lived in same place. Was at work for pay the week of March 24-30, 1940. Works 40 hours a week as an analyst in a steel mill. Worked 52 weeks in 1939. Earned $2,000 wages in 1939, with no wages from another source.

” Margaret M., wife, female, white, age 37, married. Has not attended school since March 1, 1939. Attended school through 12th grade. Born in Pennsylvania. On April 1, 1935 lived in same place (not a farm). Did not work or seek work for pay. Engaged in housework with no income from another source.

” , Charles J., son, male, white, age 15, single. Born in Ohio. On April 1, 1935 lived in same place. Has attended school since March 1, 1939. Completed school through H-1 (high school, 1 years). Has no income from a job.

Sources:
1940 U.S. Federal Census, Mahoning County, Youngstown, population schedule, Enumeration District 96-14, Sheet 2B, Dwelling 31,. Charles E Lowry; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 October 2013), citing National Archives microfilm publication Roll T627_3267.

Census Sunday – 1940 Census of Francis and Helen Witt

It’s hard not to think of our grandparents how we most often saw them – as grown adults, perhaps even elderly. I think of my great grandfather as a man in his 90’s, sitting in a chair in his house on Osborn Avenue and waving his cane at me. Documents such as census records make it easier to imagine them in a different time in their lives. In 1940, the Witt family lived at 24 Osborn Avenue, just north of Mahoning Avenue. When a census enumerator visited the house, my great grandfather Francis was 41 years old, and my grandfather Howard just a boy of 11.

Relationship to me:
Francis John Witt (1899 – 1992)
father of:
Howard David Witt (1929 – 2001)
father of:
Rebecca Ann Witt
mother of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry

State: Ohio
County: Mahoning
City: Youngstown

Ward: 4
Block: 506
Sheet: 12A
Enumeration District: 96-76
Enumerated by: Anne S Williams, Enumerator
Address: 24 N Osborn Ave (map)

Francis Witt, head, male, white, 41 years old, married, has not attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through 8th grade, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, was at work for pay the week of March 24-30, 1940. Works 40 hours a week as a business agent in a repair shop, worked 26 weeks in 1939. Earned $800 wages in 1939, with no wages from another source.

Helen         ” , wife, female, white, age 41, married, has not attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through 8th grade, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place (not a farm), did not work or seek work.
M. Governor    ” , son, male, white, age 20, single, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, has attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through C-2 (College, 2 years), in school for 52 weeks; wages of $450. No job listed.
Francis        ” , son, male, white, age 19,  single, has not attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through 12th grade, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, was seeking work. Duration of unemployment up to March 30, 1940—in weeks: 20 weeks. Otherwise works as an order clerk at a steel mill. In 1939, worked 12 for $300 in wages.
William        ” , son, male, white, age 17,  single, has attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through 11th grade, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, did not work or seek work.
Fred             ” , son, male, white, age 15, single, has attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through 8th grade, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, did not work or seek work.
Howard        ” , son, male, white, age 11, single, has attended school since March 1, 1939, attended school through 4th grade, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, did not work or seek work.
Helen K.       ” , daughter, female, white, age 6, single, has not attended school since March 1, 1939, born in Ohio, on April 1, 1935 lived in same place, did not work or seek work.
Sources:
1940 U.S. Federal Census, Mahoning County, Youngstown, population schedule, Enumeration District 96-76, Sheet 12A, Dwelling 229,. Francis Witt; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 28 July 2013), citing National Archives microfilm publication Roll T627_3270.

Petro, Diane. (Spring 2012). Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? The 1940 Census: Employment and Income. Prologue Magazine. Volume 44 (Issue 1). Retrieved from http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2012/spring/1940.html. Accessed 28 July 2013.

Census Sunday – 1850 U.S. Census of Mathias and Godfrey Wolford

One of the fun and fascinating things about family history is tracking where your ancestors lived. Within my family, we always think of the Wolford’s as being a clan from Topeka, but if you trace them back far enough, you find that they didn’t live that far from Youngstown. The 1850 U.S. Census shows several Wolford families living in Jefferson Township, Coshocton County, Ohio.
The 1850 Census was the first to list each member of the household. Previous census records only listed the heads of the household and the number of people living there. With the additional names, it’s much easier to track family lineage. The 1850 Census shows two Wolford families farming side by side. My 4th great grandfather Mathias Wolford and his family owned $500 worth of land while his brother Godfrey Wolford lived next door on a much larger plot, valued at $1000.
In 1850, Jefferson Township was becoming a very suitable place to live, as the newly built Walhonding Canal provided a link to the larger Ohio and Erie Canal and eventually, the Great Lakes. For farmers and 3rd generation Americans Mathias and Godfrey, the canal system would have provided a relatively inexpensive means of transporting goods to market and returning farming equipment to the homestead.
Relationship to me:
Mathias Wolford (1821 – 1876) and Godfrey Wolford (1812 – 1880)
father of and uncle of:
James Mathias Wolford (1846 – 1905)
father of:
Stanton M. Wolford (1864 – 1946)
father of:
Raymond Hudson Wolford (1909 – 1970)
father of:
Barbara Jean Wolford
mother of:
Rebecca Ann Witt
mother of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry

State: Ohio
County: Coshocton

Township: Jefferson Twp.
Enumeration District: 26
Enumerated by: T. Hutchinson, Asst. Marshal

Dwelling No 16
Mathias Wolford, age 29, Male, Farmer, $500 (value of real estate), born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Eliza.          ”      , age 25, Female, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
James M.   ”      , age 3, Male, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Derinda      ”      , age 2, Female, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Francis M  ”      , age 2/12, Male, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Dwelling No 17
Godfery Wolford, age 37, Male, Farmer, $1000 (value of real estate), born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Susanna.  ”      , age 30, Female, born in Pennsylvania, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Eliza.       ”      , age 11, Female, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
William    ”      , age 10, Male, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Mathias   ”      , age 8, Male, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Mary      ”      , age 6, Female, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Wilson   ”      , age 3, Male, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Isaac    ”      , age 1, Male, born in Ohio, not married within the year, did not attend school within the year, not a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write
Source:

Mathias Wolford household, 1850 U.S. census, Coshocton County, Ohio, population schedule, Jefferson township, page 327, dwelling 16, family 16; National Archives micropublication M432_670. Ancestry.com; Page: 164A; Image: 333. Link. Accessed 13 Jun 2013.

Census Sunday – The Bahle’s in 1880

It’s fun (for me, anyway) to look at the same point in history and see where two branches of your family are. I have previously looked at the Lowry’s in 1880 and just last night discovered the 1880 U.S. Census for Jacob Bahle’s family. Lowry and Bahle are both paternal surnames. My great grandfather Charles Lowry married Mary Pepperney, whose mother was a Bahle. The Bahle’s are an  interesting family, and I’ve discovered quite a bit about them recently.
In 1880, the Bahle’s lived in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. Today we know of this as Pittsburgh’s North Side but before 1907, Allegheny was a separate city. While I think they resided on Iten Street (or something similar, see the middle of the ‘N’ in the map below), the street name is unclear on the several census sheets it appears. To further complicate things, upon annexation, many Allegheny streets were renamed because of duplicate names used by Pittsburgh. Based on the names of surrounding streets, examining a 1876 map and comparing it to today’s Google Map, I presume they lived in the East Allegheny, or Deutschtown.
1876 map of Allegheny city’s 7th Ward (Source). To see where this is today, click here
For the residents of this street, the census sheet lists birthplaces of Bavaria, Hesse, Prussia and Werttemburg. In the late 1800’s, these were all Germanic kingdoms or duchy’s. Jacob was working in a cotton mill, which is an interesting occupation for Pittsburgh where steel and iron production ruled. While wife Henrietta maintained the home, elder sons George and John were unemployed and looking for work. The younger children were either in school or stayed at home with mom.
The 1880 Census sheet for Jacob Bahle and his family. Click to enlarge.
Finding these records isn’t as easy as you might assume. I had a rough sense that the Bahle’s were living in Pittsburgh in 1880, but wasn’t sure where. A simple last name search turned up nothing. While I’ve manually searched census records for places like Leetonia and Salem, the 1880 Census determined Pittsburgh to be a city of 156,389. After about an hour of using more advanced search techniques (wildcat searches!) on a few different genealogy sites, I found them and discovered by they weren’t easy to find. The enumerator spelled their last name B-A-L-I instead of B-A-H-L-E.

Relationship to me:
Jacob Bahle (1832 – 1908)
father of:
Mary Anna Bahle (1877 -1935)
mother of:
Mary Margaret Pepperney (1902 – 1980)
mother of:
Charles James Lowry (1924 – 2007)
father of:
Patrick Edward Lowry
father of:
Joseph Patrick Lowry

State: Pittsburgh
County: Allegheny
Town: Allegheny City (annexed by Pittsburgh in 1907)
Page No.: 44
Supervisor’s District: 9
Enumeration District: 24
Dwelling: 305
Family No.: 426
Address: 22 (illegible)

Bali, Jacob White, Male, Age 48 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Head of household. Married. Occupation: works in a cotton mill. Born in Werttemburg, Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Werttemburg.
— , Henrietta. White, Female, Age 37 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Wife. Married. Occupation: keeping house. Born in Pennsylvania, Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Werttemburg.
— , George. White, Male, Age 19 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Son. Single. Occupation: laborer. Number of months this person has been unemployed in Census Year: (checked). Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.
— , John. White, Male, Age 17 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Son. Single. Occupation: laborer. Number of months this person has been unemployed in Census Year: (checked). Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.

— , Jacob. White, Male, Age 17 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Son. Single. Occupation: at school. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.
— , Anna. White, Female, Age 10 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Daughter, Single. Occupation: at school. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.
— , Joseph. White, Male, Age 8 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Son. Single. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.
— , Mary. White, Female, Age 3 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Daughter, Single. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.
— , Andrew. White, Male, Age 1 at last birthday before June 1, 1880. Son. Single. Born in Pennsylvania. Father born in Werttemburg, Mother born in Pennsylvania.

Sources:
1880 U.S. census, Allegheny, Pennsylvania population schedule, Allegheny, enumeration district (ED) 24, page 44 (penned), dwelling 305, family 426, Jacob Bali; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 16 February 2013); NARA microfilm Roll 1087.

Why You Shouldn’t Trust the Ancestry.com Indexer

When the 1940 U.S. census records were released, Ancestry.com paid some folks a lot of money to transcribe and index them, which would allow average Joe’s like to me to go in and find people with a simple keyword search. I appreciate that these indexers were faced with records for millions of people to index and handwriting that could be atrocious, but these indexers sucked at their job.

I introduce for the prosecution Exhibit A: the 1940 Census of Mercedes Rogan Clark and her husband John.

In 1940, one of the questions asked by the enumerator is where the person lived in 1935. The objective of the question was to capture additional changes to information from the 1930 census. And how did the indexer transcribe the answer to that question asked of Mercedes: Pen Argyl, Molesmer, Ohio.

I’m not a geography whiz, but I know a few things. Pen Argyl is in Pennsylvania, not Ohio, and Molesmer is a fictitious place. What is clear to me is that the line reads, ‘Youngstown, Mahoning, Ohio.’

Source:
1940 U.S. Federal Census, Lawrence County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Enumeration District 37-19, Sheet 16B. Clark, Charles; digital image, Ancestry.com (link), accessed 29 January 2013), citing National Archives microfilm publication Roll T627 3537.